We love dogs—their picture-perfect faces, wet kisses, snuggles, and adorable mischiefs. What’s not to love?

Nothing if the dog is well-trained and well-behaved. But if the dog is not well-trained, there could be plenty of things that dog parents—even the most loving and caring ones—might find aversive such as nipping and biting, frequent barking, urinating, and defecating on carpets and sofas, knocking over stuff and whatnot. That’s why dog training is crucial.

In the natural canine world, mama dogs are responsible for training their pups for the outside world. How to behave, where to pee and poop, and how to live happily together with the littermates and in peace with the world at large—they would learn it all in the mother’s lap. But now, as the mother dog is not around, this falls on your shoulders. You have to play the role of the mama dog, teach them everything, and raise them to be well-behaved adults.

Things to Consider Before Getting a Dog

Whether to have a dog or not is as hard as “whether to have a kid or not.” It’s a lot of pressure—you have to provide the new family member enough time, space and sponsor its care and feeding. So you should never decide on getting a dog on just a whim. Instead, you should sleep over it.

If it’s difficult for you to make the final decision, then you can try fostering a dog and see how it goes. If you can easily manage to foster the dog, you can readily adopt him. Otherwise, you can enjoy his company until someone ready to adopt a dog knocks at your door.

If you are getting a new dog, make sure that it is not sourced from a puppy mill. Instead, adopt a dog from a reputable breeder or a shelter.

New Puppy Checklist

Before you bring home the pup, ensure that you are fully prepared for it, the way you would prepare if you were expecting a baby. Just like you make changes to your home to make it child-friendly, you should arrange the physical environment of your home for the safety of your pup—look for things he could swallow, knock over, jump off, and step on, etc.

After taking measures for the safety of your new family member, make arrangements for his comfort by getting a dog bed. Research and stay informed about the best dog food to ensure that all your pups’ nutritional needs are met. Similarly, arrange for all the tools and accessories you or your puppy might need, such as a litter box, some toys, edible bones for dogs, dog collars—spiked one or a martingale dog collar, and of course, a dog boarding kennel, in which you would bring him home.

After making arrangements at home, consult a trusted veterinarian—we advise you to take your dog to the vet before bringing him home. Next, get the contacts of the nearby emergency animal hospital, a dog groomer near you, and a dog sitter if you are working all day and there is no one to look after your dog during that time.

If you want to do the grooming yourself, you would need:

Get your hands on the above-discussed items, and later when your dog is home, he will let you know what else he might need you to get for him.

When to Begin Puppy Training?

The dog training should begin as soon as you bring the pup into your home, which is around 7 weeks of age. At this young age, puppies have a very little attention span, but they can easily learn the basic obedience commands like “sit” “stay,” and “down.”

Traditionally, the formal dog training is delayed until the pup is over six months old. But this may not be the right approach. We recommend starting dog training right away, without wasting any time. In fact, during 8 to 16 weeks of age, our dogs are the most receptive to learning, according to the Pet Medical Center of Edmond. The socialization training must be done during this period; otherwise, dogs may develop fears and phobias.

Dogs start learning as soon as they open their eyes and start walking—they learn from every experience. So, delaying training would mean not only missed opportunities but also the development and solidifying of a few to many unwanted behaviors and phobias. Training at a later stage, your dog will have to first unlearn the incorrectly learned behaviors and re-learn.

Can You Train an Older Dog?

Training is mostly associated with young puppies, but the reality is, our dogs can learn at all stages of their lives. While there are some commands and behavior that puppies learn faster, others are learned faster and better by older dogs. For instance, potty-training an older dog is easier as they have the ability to “hold it” for several hours. Conversely, crate training an older dog is more challenging than crate training a puppy.

Bonding With Your Dog: How To Bond With Your Dog?

You must be wondering what does boding with your dog has to do with dog training. Well, dog training cannot be effective if there is not sufficient trust between the dog and his owner. “Effective training requires you to have mutually earned trust between the two of you,” says Zak George, the writer of the Zak George’s Guide to a Well-Behaved Dog and Dog Training Revolution. Earning your dog’s trust and bonding with him will take time. Be patient, says George, for if you are not, you cannot expect meaningful results from the dog training.

Dogs love nothing more than spending quality time with their dog parents, so no matter how busy you are, you should slide in a quality one-on-one time with your dog in your schedule. You can take them out for a stroll around the block or on morning runs, or maybe just have an interactive play session in the lawn or in your bedroom.

If you have a high-energy dog, he might need more activities—games, runs, exercise—to experience a “runner’s high.” Or, if what you have is a lazy dog breed, you can just snuggle with them on a couch and watch your favorite movie.

Dog Training Methods

Dogs are like kids—some are obedient, and others are unruly. Some learn to behave appropriately when rewarded with treats or affection, and others learn only when they are scolded or spanked. So, depending on the nature of dogs, different dog training methods have been tried and tested over time.

How to Crate Train a Dog?

Before you begin dog crate training, you should get this clear that crating a dog is not imprisoning a dog. Rather it is to provide a safe space to the dog, where he can come hang at any time, especially if there are strangers—guests—in the house or something else is making the dog anxious. Puppy crating is for their own good.

You cannot just bring a crate and cage your dog into it. That’s not how it works, you have to first earn the trust of your dog, make him familiar with the cage, associate it with positive things like toys and treats and then gradually move to enclose the dog in the cage. You will have to be quite patient here, so no scolding or spanking your dog.

If you have brought home an old dog, you are in for a challenge because crate training an older dog is a bit difficult. Don’t worry, just be patient.

How to Leash Train a Dog?

You cannot take your dog out for a walk without a leash. Therefore, leash training for a dog is a must—every dog and puppy should know how to walk on a leash. Leash training is quite simple, but you still have to be patient here. While walking your dog on a leash, you may face several issues like a dog pulling on a leash and leash aggression.

If you love running and want a canine running buddy, you should get yourself a tall skinny dog who loves to run. You should also learn how often you should walk your dog. If you don’t walk or engage a high-en`ergy dog in exercise daily, he might develop some behavioral issues, besides getting obese.  

How to House Train a Dog?

After your dog has become a bit comfortable with the crate, you can begin the potty training between 12 weeks of age to 16 weeks. At this age, puppies have control over their bladders and are ready to learn to hold them. While housetraining a dog, you have to be consistent and patient. Puppy potty training typically takes 4 to 6 months, but sometimes, it could go year long, according to Pets WebMD.

If you can be patient and consistent and have a large dog breed, your pup can be potty trained fully quite earlier. You should keep in mind that establishing a routine is the key.

If you have rescued an older dog or you have adopted one from the shelter, you are in luck because potty-training an older dog is quite easier, as they have greater control over their bladders.

To housetrain your dog, make sure that their crate is of perfect size—it is big enough to allow them to stand and freely circle around in it but not big enough to give them space to pee or poop in the corners. Make the crate comfortable and when you think it’s time, get your dog outside on the leash and say the command such as “do your business.” If they defecate or urinate, give them a treat.

Now take your dog indoors, and before putting him back in the crate, give him some playtime. After the dog has spent around 3 hours in the crate, take him outside and repeat the process. As the dog learns, cut the crate time and add it to their playtime.

In addition to this schedule, always take your canine friend out after every meal.

Dog Socializing: How to Socialize a Dog?

Dog socialization means teaching your dog how to be around people and other pets. Some dog owners think that socializing a puppy is not necessary as they are not planning on taking him for walks or on picnics. That is not a good approach—every puppy and dog should be socialized. You never know when you have to take your dog to a vet, and when you do, you don’t want them to be the worst-behaved dog at the vet clinic.

Introducing New Dog to Family

You should never let your new puppy or dog come in direct contact with your other family members, both two-legged and four-legged, until the dog is socialized. Cats and dogs living and playing together are adorable, but do not jump the gun and introduce them as soon as you get the pupper home. You have to be very cautious while introducing your new dog to a cat or dog already living under your roof.

Dog Obedience Training

For your dog to be obedient, he must understand what you are asking of him. For this, they have to learn commands and know how to respond when you say a certain command. When teaching commands to your dog, start with basic commands in the beginning. Then with time, you can combine two commands.

Teaching Dog New Tricks

If your dog has mastered all the basic skills, you can move on to teaching him some new tricks and more advanced commands. Two fun tricks to teach your dog could be how to roll over or play dead. Some easy tricks to teach your dog include how to spin, kiss, fetch, paw, and shake hands.

Common Dog Behavioral Issues

All dogs—even those that are always on their best behavior—have the tendency to exhibit bad behaviors. These common behavioral issues can easily give you a headache and take your dog into harm’s way. Therefore, you must know how to make your dog behave like a gentle pupper if he acts out of line.

Dog barking could be your puppy’s way of letting out that pent-up energy. As a responsible dog parent, you must take them out for walks and give them exercise. For this, you need to know how often to walk a dog and how much exercise does a dog need.

Don’t get mad at your puppy for destructive chewing, it might be the puppy teething. You can instead get them a chewable dog bone or some other chewable toys for puppies.

In these cases, you can command your dog to sit and lie down in a place away from the table and stay there.

Most dog owners make the mistake of letting their puppies hump and reward them with their attention and laugh as they find it cute and amusing. But at later stages, it gets a bit difficult to stop dogs from this behavior.

There are many different types of dog aggression, including territorial, protective, possessive, predatory, defensive, fear, and social aggression. Before moving on to stopping the dog aggression, you have to first identify what is making your dog aggressive.

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