Dog Urine Color Chart: Colors, Causes, and Remedies

Dog urine color chart
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When it comes to peeing, animals are no different from us. Just like in human beings, urine speaks volumes about the overall state of health in animals. With dogs being no exception, dog urine’s physical and chemical properties often alter, indicating what could be wrong with their health. The most obvious and discernable among those modifications is the change of color, which occurs mainly due to diseases and inappropriate water levels in the body.

This is where the dog urine color chart may come in handy to make things further simple. It depicts each dog’s urine color against its causes and the remedies, making it effortless for owners to have a picture of their furry friend’s fitness.

Consisting of seven most likely colors in dog urine, a handy dog urine color chart is presented here, along with a brief explanation of each. You can refer to it whenever you sense that your canine’s pee color is not right and plan your next move accordingly.

Dog urine color chart

Dog Urine Color Chart

Dog urine can exhibit colors ranging from transparent to darker shades of yellow or black. Sometimes, they include atypical colors like green as well. Based on this fact, below is the dog urine color chart arranged in shades from lighter to darker sides.

Transparent or Clear

Clear urine in dogs indicates two things: either your dog is drinking too much water, or he is suffering from diseases related to kidneys or liver and are unable to properly filter toxins out of the body.

If your dog’s pee is transparent, he is simply overhydrated, and cutting on his water intake should turn his urine color pale yellow; nevertheless, if the void of color persists, simply capture a urine sample and contact a vet soon without hesitation.

Pale Yellow—Normal Dog urine Color

Pale yellow is the most desirable dog urine color because it indicates health, well-being, freedom from illnesses, and proper hydration.

However, even if your dog’s pee is pale yellow, it is still advisable to keep a check on the color and try to maintain its consistency. As pale yellow is the normal hue in dog urine; any divergence from it might indicate health disorders. Therefore, if the color of your dog’s urine changes—become dark yellow or bright yellow—and does not get back to pale yellow for a long time, you should contact a vet as early as possible.

Dark Yellow Urine in Dogs: Why Is My Dog’s Pee So Yellow?

Dark yellow urine in dogs signals dehydration. As dogs do not have appropriate water intake, their urine turns yellower because the urea present in it does not get enough dilution. In addition to tilting towards darker shades, the urine might also smell bad.

A simple rehydration procedure should make the dark yellow urine turn pale yellow. If it does not, other complications such as renal issues or liver failure might be the reason. Nonetheless, before jumping to any conclusion, just make sure that your dog is not suffering from any problem, which is draining water from his body. For instance, he is bound to get dehydrated if he suffers from diarrhea, turning his urine dark yellow.

Black or Brown Urine in Dogs: Why Is My Dog’s Pee Brown?

Brown urine in dogs can occur for several reasons. To name a few, dehydration, internal bleeding, toxic reactions, damaged red blood cells, muscle inflammation or damage, and liver issues are generally the main culprits.

It is recommended to visit a vet if you observe brown urine in dogs.

Orange Urine in Dogs: Why Is My Dog’s Pee Orange?

Typically, orange urine in dogs is a sign of jaundice. Other diseases that may lead to orange urine in dogs are related to the liver and pancreas. Other than that, medication can also be the reason. In case you observe other symptoms of the health complications mentioned above, take your dog to a vet right away.

Red or Pink: Why Is My Dog’s Pee Red?

Pink or red urine in dogs is most likely caused by bleeding. Other serious illnesses that cause red urine in dogs include inflammation of the bladder, urinary tract infections, kidney diseases, stones, bruising, blood clots, etc. Infections caused by fleas and parasites can also be responsible for red urine in dogs.

Diet also determines urine color in dogs. For example, if your dog has eaten beetroots, his urine turns red or pink. In this case, you don’t have to worry, as your dog’s urine color would turn to normal within 12 to 24 hours. That said, if the red dog pee does not turn normal in 24 hours, you should take your dog to a vet.

Green Urine in Dogs: Why Is my Dog’s Pee Green?

Green dog pee indicates a vet emergency, requiring the immediate attention of an experienced veterinarian. Green urine in dogs indicates that your dog might be suffering from serious liver, gall bladder, or kidney issues.

Besides that, like in the case of brown dog pee, green is also possible because of diet. If your dog has been eating grass too much, he might have greenish touch in his urine.

How to Increase Water Intake in Your Dog?

As it has become evident from the dog urine color chart above that the underlying cause of dog urine changing color is mostly dog not drinking enough water. Therefore, most problems can be easily resolved by making sure that your dog is staying hydrated.

But we also learned that transparent is not the pee color of a healthy dog but pale yellow. Therefore, you need to first learn how much water your dog should drink before increasing their water intake.

Once you have an idea how much water your dog must be drinking, here are the ways to easily increase your dog’s water intake:


Exercise your dog enough so that he gets thirsty. Next, make the benefits out of his thirst by presenting him a large bowl of water right after the workout. Craving for water, he might end up consuming more of it than he had just lost during the exercise session.

Wet Food

Consider feeding your dog wet canned food. Being higher in water content than dry kibble, wet food can help overcome dehydration. You can also simply add water to your dog’s dry food, but make sure that he does not end up disliking it.

Blue Buffalo Homestyle Natural Recipe

Blue Buffalo Homestyle Natural Recipe is a paté style wet food containing protein from real meat. Besides serving as it is, it can also be mixed with the dry food of your dog.


If your dog is not drinking water, offering your dog flavored drinks can help a lot. Besides providing other nutrition, it can also replenish his water level. But a little caution here: let your dog have flavored drinks in appropriate amounts only, and try not to buy him drinks with excess sugar in them so that you might not end up making him obese in a quest to hydrate him.

Nulo Hydrate for Dogs Water Flavoring

Nulo Hydrate for Dogs Water Flavoring is a water taste enhancer packed with electrolytes, amino acids, vitamins, and energy. With an irresistible taste, it can keep your dog happy and hydrated.


Since fruits are a great source of water, feeding them to your dog can be very beneficial for his savory and hydration. Nonetheless, it is advisable to always check whether the fruits you are going to feed are safe for him or not. In addition, try opting for water-rich fruits such as watermelon.

Ice Cubes

If you want to rehydrate your dog slowly instead of letting him gulp a full bowl of water at once, let him suck ice cubes. You can also make them taste better by serving them along with your dog’s favorite treats.


If none of the above methods works, fill a syringe with water and feed your dog directly.

How to Collect Dog Urine?

As in the case of increasing water intake, it is also clear from the dog urine color chart that almost all color variations require vet visits, and the vet might likely ask you for a sample of your furry friend’s pee. Keeping this fact in view, here is how you can collect it.

A convenient and natural way to collect your dog’s urine is using the ‘free-catch method.’ It employs a simple container that collects the urine as a dog pees, which is later transferred to a simple jar. However, the sample thus collected is not 100% sterile. As the urine passes through the urethra as well as hits the genital skin, the chances of contamination increase. To overcome this issue, another method called cystocentesis can be used. This procedure keeps the sample pure from impurities as it is taken directly from the bladder. Nonetheless, sample collection this way is quite sophisticated and thus should be left for experts.

It is advisable to take the first urine of the day as a sample because of the high levels of bacteria and chemicals in it. Freeze the sample immediately to avoid further bacterial growth. Keep it frozen until you leave for the vet’s clinic.

Since it becomes important to catch your dog when he has an urge to empty his bladder, consider buying bells and train your dog to ring them before peeing.

IMPRESA Doggie Doorbells

These sleek, attractive, and hardy bells are proven as an effective method for housebreaking young puppies.   

Other Signs of Unhealthy Urine

In addition to changes in color, the following are the symptoms that your dog’s urine is not okay:


If your dog has to exert a lot of force while peeing, it means there is something blocking his urinary tract. It could be stone, tumor, scarring, or inflammation.


Leaking urine indicates urinary tract infection. It mostly occurs in either very young or old dogs. Although it is not an emergency, you must consider consulting a vet if it prolongs.

Frequent Urination

More than usual, urination in dogs occurs mostly because of either overhydration or weather change. However, if none of these is the case with your dog, serious problems like urinary tract problems, kidney or liver failure could be the reason.

Insufficient Urine Production

Dogs can suffer from insufficient production of urine due to several reasons such as dehydration, heat stress, diabetes, bladder rupture, and decreased blood flow in the kidneys.


What Color Should a Dog’s Urine Be?

While it is widely believed that a healthy dog’s urine should be transparent, pale yellow is the optimum color of urine in dogs. It is a sign of a disease-free body with an appropriate water level in it. Pale yellow is also known by other names such as straw yellow, pale gold, amber, and clear yellow.

What Is the Most Accurate Way to Assess Dog Urine Color?

The most accurate way to assess dog urine color is to put it in a clear glass or a plastic container and hold it against a white background.

What Color Is Urine of Dog With Failing Kidneys?

When dog kidneys are failing, dog urine color will be of darker shades, and sometimes, there may be blood in dog urine. There may also be a significant change in the volume of dog urine.

What Does Milky Dog Urine Mean?

Milky dog urine means your pup is struggling with some kind of infection. While urinary tract infection is mostly the underlying reason for milky dog urine, it can also be caused due to bladder stones and prostate problems.


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